According to the report published by International Energy Agency, global energy consumption in 2018 increased at nearly twice the average rate of growth since 2010, driven by a robust global economy and higher heating and cooling needs in some parts of the world. Energy efficiency saw lacklustre improvement. As a result of higher energy consumption, CO2 emissions rose 1.7% last year and hit a new record.
India’s carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are growing at a faster rate than in any other major energy-consuming nation.
In 2018, CO2 emissions in the country rose 4.8% from the previous year, according to a new report by the Paris-based International Energy Agency.
The main impacts of climate change include scarcity of water, leading to unorganized regulation of flow, extreme weather events and existential crisis for all ecosystems.
Recently the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu has gone completely dry with the water storage of its 4 main reservoirs going below the 1% level. Continuous initiation of development projects, illegal encroachments, draught in the last 3 years and the devastating heatwave that prevailed across the peninsula are the main reasons for the state to have reached such a catastrophic situation. Now, speaking of extreme events, the number of heatwaves, heavy downpours, and major hurricanes has increased all over the world, and the strength of these events has increased, too. Moreover, the scariest part is the natural way of reviving from such extreme conditions has disappeared completely. The series of forest fires in the Amazon rain forest and the lack of action is just an example to show the total failure of the governments, industries and humankind at large. Climate change has an impact on turtle nesting sites. It alters sand temperatures, which then affects the sex of hatchlings. Sea levels are rising and oceans are becoming warmer. Longer, more intense droughts threaten crops, wildlife and freshwater supplies. From polar bears in the Arctic to marine turtles off the coast of Africa, our planet’s diversity of life is at risk from the changing climate.
One of the most popular and acclaimed actors Leonardo Di Caprio at the climate summit made a speech stating that the climate crisis is real, not fiction. He said,
“I am not a scientist, but I don’t need to be. Because the world’s scientific community has spoken, and they have given us our prognosis, if we do not act together, we will surely perish.
Now is our moment for action.
We need to put a price tag on carbon emissions and eliminate government subsidies for coal, gas, and oil companies. We need to end the free ride that industrial polluters have been given in the name of a free-market economy, they don’t deserve our tax dollars, they deserve our scrutiny. For the economy itself will die if our ecosystems collapse.”
16-year-old Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg has changed the dynamics of the climate crisis movement. In her recent speech at the UN general assembly, she said,
“People are suffering. People are dying. Entire ecosystems are collapsing. We are in the beginning of a mass extinction. And all you can talk about is money and fairytales of eternal economic growth. How dare you!”
Environment activist in India Vandana Shiva says, “Globalized industrialized food is not cheap: it is too costly for the Earth, for the farmers, for our health. The Earth can no longer carry the burden of groundwater mining, pesticide pollution, the disappearance of species and destabilization of the climate. Farmers can no longer carry the burden of debt, which is inevitable in industrial farming with its high costs of production. It is incapable of producing safe, culturally appropriate, tasty, quality food. And it is incapable of producing enough food for all because it is wasteful of land, water and energy. Industrial agriculture uses ten times more energy than it produces. It is thus ten times less efficient.”
So according to the statistics and the reality we are facing, the time to act was yesterday. We are living on credit and very soon the credit balance will get crunched to zero. We have crossed the time for individual efforts and decisions. A big turn around is required. As we face mass extinction, the industries and the governments along with people need policies and actions immediately. It’s already too late for a comeback. We are running against time. Its a part of the mission of Kothabriksha to take up these issues and address them continuously. Kothabriksha will relentlessly make an effort towards bringing a change and to increase awareness. Be aware and spread the word.